This book expands on five overarching themes. Firstly, it seeks to dissipate the current confusion about the overarching principle(s) of development. Secondly, the book demonstrates that the traditional emphasis on Structural Transformation is the key to development process. Thirdly, the book maintains that some basic policy issues should be evaluated in the light of real-life experiences of successful developers. Fourth, this book answers why there should still be so many altercations on the key development issues despite clear empirical evidence to the contrary. Fifth, the book argues that central development decisions about growth, equity, poverty reduction, human development and macroeconomic stability, should be taken together in a holistic framework.